Nuclear Abolition News and Analysis

The Frightening Scenario of the Nuclear War

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

By IRA HELFAND

NORTHAMPTON, U.S. (IPS) - Soon after President Barack Obama was elected in 2008, hundreds of leaders of the global medical community wrote an open letter to him, and to newly elected Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, urging them to make the abolition of nuclear weapons their highest priority:

“You face many urgent crises at this difficult moment, but they all pale in comparison to the need to prevent nuclear war. A thousand years from now no one will remember most of what you will do over the next few years; but no one will ever forget the leaders who abolished the threat of nuclear war…Please do not fail us.”

Unfortunately, as we feared, the demands of the economic crisis crowded out other issues and, so far, the leaders of Russia and the United States have failed us. The re-election of Obama offers him a new chance to move the world down the path to nuclear disarmament. It is an opportunity that must not be wasted. [P] ARABIC | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | TURKISH

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Changing the Game to Achieve Nuclear Disarmament

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

By REBECCA JOHNSON*

LONDON (IPS) - Twenty-five years ago, on Dec. 8, presidents Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan signed the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. This historic agreement eliminated a modern class of land-based “theatre” weapons – the SS20s, cruise and Pershing missiles – that had been brought into Europe in the early 1980s. [P] ARABIC | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | TURKISH

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Opportunity Missed for Nuclear-Free Middle East

Nuclear Aboltion News | IPS

By JILLIAN KESTLER-D'AMOURS

JERUSALEM (IPS) - After the cancellation of an international conference to create a nuclear-free Middle East, leading experts have warned that an important opportunity to create stability in the region has been squandered. [P] JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF

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Standing on the Threshold: Banning Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear AbolitioRare Exmoor ponies graze in front of Greenham Common silos (Photo: R. Johnson)n Viewpoint

By REBECCA JOHNSON*

LONDON - On the 25th anniversary of the first real disarmament agreement of the Cold War, Rebecca Johnson looks back at how the 'people to people' and 'women to women' peace campaigns helped to reframe Europe as our shared home rather than the divided and militarised Cold War blocs

Twenty-five years ago, on 8 December 1987, the Presidents of the United States and Soviet Union met in Washington to sign a breakthrough treaty to eliminate ground-launched US Cruise and Pershing missiles and Soviet SS20s from Europe.

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Stable Nuke Zero is Feasible

Nuclear Abolition News | IDN

By RAMESH JAURA

BERLIN | VIENNA (IDN) - Before World War II broke out in 1939, German-born Nobel laureate Albert Einstein recommended President Franklin D. Roosevelt to begin research on a nuclear weapon since Germany under Adolf Hitler might be developing such a destructive tool. The result was the Manhattan Project, which culminated in the U.S. dropping atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Einstein deplored use of the new discovery of nuclear fission as a weapon, and signed with the British philosopher Bertrand Russell, the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, highlighting the danger of nukes. [P] ARABIC TEXT VERSION PDF |   JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF

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Amidst Turmoil, Nuke-Free Mideast Conference Derailed

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

By THALIF DEEN

UNITED NATIONS (IPS) - A long outstanding international conference on a nuclear weapons-free zone in the Middle East, scheduled to take place in Finland next month, has been postponed, giving rise to speculation on whether it will ever get off the ground.

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, a vigorous opponent of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), remains hopeful the conference will take place sometime next year. [P] ARABIC | GERMAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF

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NATO Pushing Europe into New Nuclear Arms Race

Nuclear Abolition News | IDN

By JULIO GODOY

BERLIN (IDN) - Between late 2009 and mid-2010, the German government, represented by its foreign minister Guido Westerwelle, made a case for dismantling B61 atomic bombs on German soil. The actual number of such weapons of mass destruction is a top military secret, but some 20 of these are reported to be stationed in Germany. [P] DUTCH | ITALIAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | NORWEGIAN | PERSIAN | SWEDISH

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Nuclear and Chem-Bio Weapons Prohibition

Nuclear Abolition News | IDN Essay

By FREDERICK N. MATTIS*

ANNAPOLIS, USA (IDN) - A gathering theme in world affairs is the desirability of a treaty [convention] to ban nuclear weapons. Such a treaty would bring the following benefits to all states and people: freedom from nuclear war or nuclear attack, freedom from possible “false-alarm” nuclear missile launch, and freedom from possible acquisition by terrorists of a nuclear weapon from a state’s arsenal.

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Behind the Pakistan-India Nuclear Arms Race

Nuclear Abolition News | IDN

By FELIX IMONTI of Oilprice.com*

TOKYO (IDN) - The possibility of a nuclear war between Pakistan and India grows every day. If the Pakistanis do not bring under control the terrorist groups in the country and resolve the conflicts with India, it is not a matter of if it will happen, but when.

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Hiroshima and Nagasaki Want Nukes Abolished

Mayors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Left to right) Credit: Mayors for Peace Nuclear Abolition News | IDN

By RAMESH JAURA*

BERLIN | TOKYO (IDN) - Much to the chagrin of several millions in Japan and beyond, who are relentlessly campaigning for a nuclear weapons-free world, the government in Tokyo has declined to join an initiative calling for efforts to outlaw nukes out of concern it would affect the country's security arrangement under the U.S. nuclear umbrella. But the mayors of Nagasaki and Hiroshima as well as the Hiroshima Prefecture's Governor remain unwavering in their impassioned commitment to abolition of nuclear weapons. [P] CHINESE TEXT VERSION PDFJAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDFKOREAN TEXT VERSION PDF

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Pentagon Nixed 1998 U.S. Nuclear Scientists’ Probe of Iranian Programme

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

By GARETH PORTER

WASHINGTON (IPS) - In 1998, the Defence Department vetoed a delegation of prominent U.S. nuclear specialists to go to Iran to investigate its nuclear programme at the invitation of the government of newly-elected Iranian President Mohammad Khatami, according to the nuclear scientist who was organising the mission.

The Pentagon objected to the delegation’s mission even though it was offered the option of including one or more scientists of its own choosing on the delegation, according to Dr. Behrad Nakhai, the nuclear scientist who was organising it.

The Pentagon veto of the nuclear scientists’ delegation eliminated the Khatami government’s most promising initiative to promote a thaw in U.S.-Iran relations by weakening a key U.S. argument for viewing Iran as a threat.

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