Nuclear Abolition News and Analysis

Sanctions Do Not Lead To Nuke Abolition in Asia

Nuclear Abolition News | IDN

By KALINGA SENEVIRATNE

SINGAPORE (IDN) - North Korea’s response to the United Nations Security Council's expanded sanctions on January 22 by threatening to resume nuclear tests and failure last November of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to persuade the five recalcitrant nuclear powers to sign the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapons-Free Zone Treaty (SEANWFZ) have focused attention on the atomic threat facing the Asian region that is fast emerging as the centre of the global economy. [P] HINDI | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | NORWEGIAN | PERSIAN | SPANISH |TURKISH | URDU

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All Unclear Over Nuclear

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

By RANJIT DEVRAJ

NEW DELHI (IPS) - When India was admitted to the world’s nuclear power industry nearly five years ago, many believed that this country had found a way to quickly wean itself away from dependence on coal and other fossil fuels that power its economic growth. [P] ARABIC | DUTCH | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF

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Iran’s Nuclear Plans Drop Off Israeli Radar

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

By PIERRE KLOCHENDLER

JERUSALEM (IPS) - A meeting between Iran and world powers is tentatively set for the month-end in Istanbul, and might constitute a litmus test over a compromise regarding Iran’s uranium enrichment programme. Strangely enough, in Israel, Iran’s nuclear quest is now off the public radar.

The previous talks between Iran and the ‘P5+1’ (the five permanent UN Security Council members plus Germany) took place in June 2012 in Moscow. [P] ARABIC | DUTCH | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | PORTUGUESE | SPANISH

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Abandoning Nukes – Lessons from South Africa

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

By JOHN FRASER

JOHANNESBURG (IPS) - Not many nice things can be said about the apartheid regime in South Africa. It was racist, violent in the brutal oppression of many of its own citizens, and was despised around the world.

However, in the dying days of apartheid, the South African authorities took a step that has had major implications for the country and for the African continent: it scrapped its nuclear weapons programme. [P] DUTSCH | GERMAN | ITALIAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | PORTUGUESE | SPANISH

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U.S. Fiscal Cliff Deal Boosts New START

By R. Nastranis | IDN-InDepth NewsAnalysis

TORONTO (IDN) - The tug of war about the U.S. federal budget 'fiscal cliff' threatened to jeopardise the 2010 New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START). But much to the satisfaction of disarmament experts that danger has been removed after a new legislation passed the U.S. Senate and House.

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Fresh Impetus Expected For Banning Nuke Tests

By Jamshed Baruah
IDN-InDepth NewsReport

VIENNA (IDN) - The Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization, better known as CTBTO, expects fresh momentum in 2013 for the entry into force of a global treaty prohibiting nuke tests, which herald advent of new weapons of mass destruction. [P] CHINESE TEXT VERSION PDF | GERMAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | KOREAN TEXT VERSION PDF | NORWEGIAN

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Congress Permits Reclassification of Nuke-Related Data

Nuclear Abolition News | FASWhite House

By STEVEN AFTERGOOD

WASHINGTON DC - Certain nuclear weapons-related information that has been removed from the category of Restricted Data (RD) and designated as Formerly Restricted Data (FRD) can now be restored to the RD category, under a provision approved by Congress in the FY 2013 national defense authorization act.

Until now, the removal of information from the Restricted Data category was irreversible, being prohibited by the Atomic Energy Act.  That prohibition is nullified by the new legislation.

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Rate of U.S., Russian Nuclear Disarmament 'Slowing'

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

WASHINGTON (IPS) - Although the United States and Russia have massively reduced their collective number of nuclear weapons since the heyday of the Cold War, the rate of that reduction is slowing, the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) warned on December 17.

Further, these two countries alone continue to account for more than 90 percent of the world’s total nuclear arsenal, 15 times the rest of the seven nuclear weapon states combined. [P] ARABIC | DUTCH | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | GERMAN | TURKISH

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The Frightening Scenario of the Nuclear War

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

By IRA HELFAND

NORTHAMPTON, U.S. (IPS) - Soon after President Barack Obama was elected in 2008, hundreds of leaders of the global medical community wrote an open letter to him, and to newly elected Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, urging them to make the abolition of nuclear weapons their highest priority:

“You face many urgent crises at this difficult moment, but they all pale in comparison to the need to prevent nuclear war. A thousand years from now no one will remember most of what you will do over the next few years; but no one will ever forget the leaders who abolished the threat of nuclear war…Please do not fail us.”

Unfortunately, as we feared, the demands of the economic crisis crowded out other issues and, so far, the leaders of Russia and the United States have failed us. The re-election of Obama offers him a new chance to move the world down the path to nuclear disarmament. It is an opportunity that must not be wasted. [P] ARABIC | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | TURKISH

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Changing the Game to Achieve Nuclear Disarmament

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

By REBECCA JOHNSON*

LONDON (IPS) - Twenty-five years ago, on Dec. 8, presidents Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan signed the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. This historic agreement eliminated a modern class of land-based “theatre” weapons – the SS20s, cruise and Pershing missiles – that had been brought into Europe in the early 1980s. [P] ARABIC | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | TURKISH

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Opportunity Missed for Nuclear-Free Middle East

Nuclear Aboltion News | IPS

By JILLIAN KESTLER-D'AMOURS

JERUSALEM (IPS) - After the cancellation of an international conference to create a nuclear-free Middle East, leading experts have warned that an important opportunity to create stability in the region has been squandered. [P] JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF

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