Nuclear Abolition News and Analysis

North Korea and a Nuclear Weapons Ban

Nuclear Abolition NewsEssay | IDN

By FREDERICK N. MATTIS*

ANNAPOLIS, USA (IDN) - To abolish nuclear weapons, North Korea and all states would have to join the ban before its entry into force, for three reasons. First, the nuclear ban (or abolition) treaty, often called a Nuclear Weapons Convention, would not create true abolition unless all states are parties to it. Second, current nuclear powers in all likelihood would not join unless the ban when enacted is truly global. (There already exists the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which has been joined by all but nine states as “non-nuclear weapon” parties.) Third, unanimity of accession by states would give the ban unprecedented geopolitical force for ongoing compliance by states - desirable in itself, and a crucial incentive for today’s nuclear weapon possessors to actually renounce their arsenals.

Read more...
 

Israel Resumes Threats Against Iran as Experts Urge Patience

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

By JIM LOBE

WASHINGTON (IPS) - As Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu resumed his threats to attack Iranian nuclear facilities, 29 former senior U.S. experts and foreign diplomats urged President Barack Obama to show greater flexibility in anticipated negotiations following the inauguration of President-elect Hassan Rouhani.

“While it will take time to secure an agreement to resolve all concerns, diplomacy will only succeed if we are prepared to leverage existing sanctions and other incentives in exchange for reciprocal Iranian concessions,” according to the letter.

It was signed by, among others, former U.S. undersecretary of state for political affairs Thomas Pickering and Bruno Pelleau, the former deputy director-general of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). [P] JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF

Read more...
 

Obama Magic is Gone – Caution Outweighs Zeal

Nuclear Abolition News  | IDN

By RAMESH JAURA*

BERLIN (IDN) - President Barack Obama’s commitment four years ago “to seek the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons” reverberated across the globe generating hope that humankind will not be annihilated by a sheer flash of light. On June 19 in Berlin he sought to build on the iconic Prague speech. But there was no magic filling the air.

The reason, Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) General Secretary Kate Hudson wrote on June 28 in her blog: “. . . despite Obama's apparent continued commitment to the goal of global abolition, he did not quite take us to the dizzy heights of hope and emotion stirred by his Prague speech in 2009.” [P] JAPANESE TEXT PDF

Read more...
 

Nuclear Deterrence Works in Indo-Pak Ties

Nuclear Abolition News | IDN

By A. VINOD KUMAR*

NEW DELHI (IDN | IDSA) - For over two decades, a dominant section of western analysts harped on the volatilities of the India and Pakistan nuclear dyad, often overselling the ‘South Asia as a nuclear flashpoint’ axiom, and portending a potential nuclear flare-up in every major stand-off between the two countries. The turbulence in the sub-continent propelled such presages, with one crisis after another billowing towards serious confrontations, but eventually easing out on all occasions.

While the optimists described this as evidence of nuclear deterrence gradually consolidating in this dyad, the pessimists saw in it the ingredients of instability that could lead to a nuclear conflict.

Read more...
 

U.N. Downplays Health Effects of Nuclear Radiation

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

By GEORGE GAO

UNITED NATIONS (IPS) - The United Nations has come under criticism from medical experts and members of civil society for what these critics consider inaccurate statements about the effects of lingering radioactivity on local populations.

Scientists and doctors met with top U.N. officials last week to discuss the effects of radioactivity in Japan and Ukraine, and the U.N. has enlisted several of its agencies, including the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the U.N. Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), to address the matter.

In May, UNSCEAR stated that radiation exposure following the 2011 Fukushima-Daichii nuclear disaster in Japan poses “no immediate health risks” and that long-term health risks are “unlikely”. [P] BAHASA | ITALIANJAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF

Read more...
 

Tangible Actions Needed Now For Nuke Abolition

Hirotsugu Terasaki Nuclear Abolition NewsViewpoint

By HIROTSUGU TERASAKI*

TOKYO - President Obama’s speech in Berlin on June 19 is a welcome reaffirmation of his commitment to achieving a world free from nuclear weapons. The readiness he expresses to pursue further reductions in the US and Russian nuclear arsenals represents a concrete step toward this goal.

To make good on its stated commitments, the US administration now needs to establish a path of tangible actions to move beyond a world of decreased nuclear risks to reach the goal of nuclear weapons abolition.

Read more...
 

U.S.-Russia Nuclear Arsenals Cling to Bygone Era

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

By GEORGE GAO

UNITED NATIONS (IPS) - In the late 19th century, Russian playwright Anton Chekhov famously touted one golden rule for dramatic productions: if you show your audience a loaded gun in the first act, that gun must go off by the last.

But Chekhov’s storytelling trope is troubling if applied to the world’s weapons technology today, which include an estimated 17,300 nukes – used primarily by nations as props to leverage international power. [P] BAHASA | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF

Read more...
 

Nuclear Iran Can Be Contained and Deterred: Report

Nuclear Abolition News | IPS

By JIM LOBE

WASHINGTON (IPS) - While preventing Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon is preferable, the United States could successfully contain a nuclear Iran, according to a new report released here Monday by the Center for a New American Security, an influential think tank close to the administration of President Barack Obama.

The report, “If All Else Fails: The Challenges of Containing a Nuclear-Armed Iran,” outlines a detailed “containment strategy” designed to deter Tehran’s use of a nuclear bomb or its transfer to non-state actors, and persuade other regional states not to develop their own nuclear arms capabilities. [P]  ARABIC | GERMAN | ITALIAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF

Read more...
 

Tackling Nuclear Proliferation At Its Roots

Nuclear Abolition NewsEssay | IDN

By IAN ANTHONY AND LINA GRIP*

Making nuclear weapons requires access to materials – highly enriched uranium or plutonium – that do not exist in nature in a weapons-usable form. To constitute a threat, natural uranium needs to go through a challenging and time-consuming process of transformation as it moves through the nuclear fuel cycle.

STOCKHOLM (IDN) - The effort to cap the number of nuclear armed states in the world has largely focused on limiting the spread of the industrial items and processes needed for the stages of the fuel cycle that can turn uranium or plutonium into forms that could be used to make a nuclear weapon: enrichment or reprocessing.

Read more...
 

UN Accused of Playing Down Nuke Disarmament Conference

Nuclear Abolition News | IPSGroup of 77 countries as of 2008

By THALIF DEEN

UNITED NATIONS (IPS) - Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is one of the most vociferous advocates of a world free of nuclear weapons. “Nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation are not utopian ideals,” he says. “They are critical to global peace and security.” [P] ARABIC | GERMAN | JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF | SWEDISH

Read more...
 

'Don't Take Arabs' NPT Membership for Granted'

Nuclear Abolition NewsViewpoint | IDNMohamed Kadry Said | Credit: facebook.com/mohamedkadry.said

By BAHER KAMAL*

CAIRO (IDN) - Not that nuclear issues are an actual source of concern to Egyptian citizens. They are deeply worried about their present and immediate future now that inter-religious violence is on the rise, triggering a dangerous, growing insecurity amidst an overwhelming popular discontent with President Mohamed Morsi's regime. Simply put, there is too much frustration and deception here to think of nukes.

Nevertheless, it is also a fact that the governments of Arabs countries in general, and in the Gulf region in particular – following reported U.S. political pressures – have lately been expressing increasing fear of Iran's nuclear programme and therefore focusing, again, on nukes. [P] JAPANESE TEXT VERSION PDF

Read more...
 


Page 2 of 28

Search